People really believed that this animal was real. Kings, army men, travelers all said that they saw it. Everyone describing it differently. Marco Polo was not impressed and said that it is ugly, but now we know that he saw rhinos at that time.  There are even recipes found how to cook this mystical creature, pharmacies in London sold unicorn horn powder until 1741. In United States in 1971 University in Michigan started give permits for people who would like to find a unicorn. In Germany in 1560 the unicorn horn was sold to pope for 18 000 pounds. The existence was only disproved in 1825 by scientist Baron George Covier. He said that no animal has just one hoof in the middle of its head by splitting it. In mythology unicorn still is a powerful figure.

Maybe because what meaning unicorn had in Celtic mythology this creature was chosen as Scotland’s national animal.  It was a symbol of purity but associated with masculinity and power. Many tales were told about the chivalry and dominance of the unicorn.

Scotland is tangled with legends and myths, so no surprise that this kind of animal is their national symbol. It represents Scottish people how they are proud of their lands and fight until victory are theirs to defend their treasures.

Willian I is the one who first used unicorn. He added it on the Scottish royal coats of arms. In the 15th century country was ruled by King James III and he used unicorn on his gold coins. When England and Scotland announced their union, Scottish Royal Arms shield was supported by two unicorns and because of the union left side was replaced by the national animal of England- lion.


It was believed that unicorn is a wild creature who can not be tamed, so why national symbol is shown with chains around its neck and whole body? Chains stands for the power of the Scottish kings, they were so strong that they tamed the beast.


This legacy of Scotland can be found on the important historic buildings. If you travel, there see if you can spot it.

*Official residency of Her Majesty the Queen on the gatepost at the Holyroodhouse Palace and also at the gatehouse of the gallery by the palace.

* Historic fortress of Edinburgh St Margaret’s Chapel at the main castle and in from of the National War Museum.

*At the birthplace of Mary Queen of Scots and in the Kings fountain which can be found at Linlithgow Palace.

*On the stone carving on the St Andrews University, countries first University which was found in 15th century.

*One and only country’s water-based unicorn can be found in Dundee. Its head is on the wooden warship which is one of the oldest in the world.

* It decorates The Queens chair in the Thistle Chapel in Edinburgh.

* One of the oldest castles in Scotland have several unicorns. It is Delgatie Castle in Aberdeenshire.

There is plenty of wilderness in Scotland as the region is home to vast areas of highlands. This offers probably the most spectacular scenery in the British Isles, but it can also show off some of the country’s wildest weather.

As well as Scottish dishes being famous for their wholesome nature and the quality of the local meats and fish, the Scottish people have proved over the centuries that they have a sweet tooth. In order to satisfy this demand, Scottish cooks have set out to quench this desire and over the years have produced some mouth-watering dishes.

Scotland has always prided itself on the recipes that it has been able to produce from the rich sources of meat and fish that were available to the people. However, Scotland had a feudal society for centuries, so these plentiful supplies were more available to some than they were for others.

There are many dishes from that are known around the world. The country has a wide variety of landscapes that, as well as producing a different range of soils, are located in different climates which has enabled Scotland’s farmers to produce a wide range of agricultural produce.

Scotland has a number of major cites that vary greatly with their composition and their character. They have in Edinburgh probably one of the most beautiful capitals in the world and each major conurbation reflects both regional and national characteristics.

Scotland have produced countless numbers of actors that have gone on to become internationally recognized for their appearances on the stage. The country’s association with drama goes way back and when Shakespeare wrote Macbeth it became known as the Scottish play with it being located in Scotland. One of the most famous faces of the black and white movies period was Alistair Sim. Even though he didn’t start his career until he was 30 he appeared in more than 50 British films from 1935. He started his career on the stage where he learnt his craft.

Scotland offers an abundance of venues where visitors can go and enjoy exhibitions that celebrate the country’s arts, culture and craft. This is on offer in a number of different museums galleries and work-shops. The National Museum of Scotland is situated in Edinburgh and is in the top 20 of the most visited museums and galleries in the world. It has just received a 47 million pounds face lift and it houses over 20,000 interesting artefacts.

The Arts in Scotland covers a wide range of areas. World class museums, fantastic festivals and breathtaking architecture are the tip of the ice burg. The cultural attractions are wide ranging and certainly unique to Scotland. There are many events that occur during the calendar year and are a showcase of Scottish culture. At the end of each year the New Year is celebrated as enthusiastically as everywhere else but in Scotland it is done quite differently.