The Tartan Army unites Scotland’s football supporters as one band known as the Tartan Army. This is quite remarkable considering the extent of the division that exists in Club football. History shows that Scottish domestic football has been dominated by the two Glasgow teams Celtic and Rangers. The divide is made even more extreme as it is based on religious divisions as well as football factors. Rangers fans tend to come from the protestant areas of the city, while the Celtic fans come from the Roman Catholic regions.

The game between the two clubs is widely known as the Old Firm derby and they have played each other 409 times with Rangers winning on 159 occasions while Celtic have recorded 152 wins. The two sides between them have dominated the league championship with the two teams sharing 102 wins out of the 121 championships that have been presented. The rivalry is so intense that for a long period the players who played for the teams shared their religious allegiance. That was broken by Maurice Johnstone who became the first player to play for both clubs and since then other players have followed suit.

Maurice Johnstone the first player to play for both Rangers and Celtic

Glasgow Rangers were founded in 1872 and their 55 league title victories is the highest by any club side in the world. In 2012 the club went into liquidation and was placed in division 3 of the league. It has taken the club 4 years to get back into the Premiership, but in 2016 they returned with Mark Warburton as manager. Celtic were founded in 1887 with the aim of providing football for the Irish immigrants. Throughout their history they have gone head to head with Rangers in search of the title. They have experienced two particularly successful eras.

The first under Jock Stein saw them win 9 consecutive league titles from 1965 until 1964. They also won the European Cup in 1967. They are currently in another rich period of time. Under manager Brendan Rogers they are currently on an unbeaten run of 68 league games which is a Scottish record. They have also won the title for the last 6 seasons. A side who has successfully challenged the Glasgow sides in the past has been Aberdeen FC who were formed in 1903. Since their promotion to the top division in 1905 they have never been relegated. In their history they have won the league title on 4 occasions.

Alex Ferguson lifting trophies for Aberdeen FC

The most successful period for the club coincided with the time when Alex Ferguson was the manager, prior to taking over the reins at Old Trafford. Between 1978 and 1986, Ferguson’s Aberdeen won the league title 3 times, won the Scottish cup 4 times, the European Super cup and the European Cup Winners Cup. Two other sides who have won the title on 4 occasions both hail from Scotland’s capital city, Edinburgh. Hibernian FC and Hearts. Hibs were formed by Irish immigrants in 1875 but unlike in Glasgow the divide of supporters is not based on religion. Although its colors are green its support is based on location rather than ethnicity.

The clubs most successful period was between 1948 and 1952 when it won the league title on 3 occasions. The success of the side was based on a front line known as the Famous Five. Gordon Smith, Bobby Johnstone, Lawrie Reilly, Eddie Turnbull and Willie Ormond combined to score the goals that secured the clubs title. The other main team in the city Hearts were formed in 1874 and have played at their stadium, Tynecastle Park since 1886. Their most successful period came between the mid – 1950s and the mid – 1960s when Tommy Walker was the manager. During this time the won the league title on 2 occasions, the league cup on 4 occasions and the FA cup once. A young Dave MacKay played an influential role at wing back and he went on to play for Tottenham Hotspurs, Derby County and Scotland.

The club is the third best supported in Scotland, and although the Edinburgh Derby is keenly contested, it does not quite have the atmosphere of the old Firm derby