Dundee is Scotland’s fourth largest city and has a population of 150,000 people. It is located on the eastern side of the country just to the north of Edinburgh and is known as the city of “Jute, Jam and Journalism”.
The harbor played a major part of the growth of the city and during the industrial revolution Dundee was at the centre of the world’s jute production. Jute was produced by adding whale oil to linen. The harbor also saw much activity with ship building prominent. In time both the maritime and textile industries have declined, but have been replaced by lighter industries and there is now an abundance of high tech industries in Dundee. The city now has a regenerated waterfront and the castle that was built in the 13th century is an attractive feature of the city. The major city in the Highlands is Inverness, which is the northern most city in the United Kingdom. It is located within the Great Glen, where the River Ness enters the Moray Firth. The city has a population of 48,000 people and is one of the fastest growing regions in the United Kingdom. With its airport the city is the gateway to the ski areas and the hills, and benefits greatly from tourism. Tourists are also attracted to the city as it as a rich history as a result of the many battles that have been fought there around its castle. Its location as the gateway to the highlands meant that many different groups have wanted to control it. Today it is the centre of education in the highlands and the concentration of these centres has led to many high tech companies locating in the city. With all transport routes converging on the city all highland traffic will at some point make its way through Inverness
St Andrews only has a population of 17,000 people yet is known around the world for its golf course and its university. The town is located on the east coast of Fife between Dundee and Edinburgh and was originally settled as the town had a monastery in it. Its golf course is known as “the home of golf’ and it has held the Open more times than any other course. Golf was first played there in 1552 and people travel from all over the world to play on the Old Course. The golf museum is a popular destination for the many visitors who come to the town. St Andrews University dates back to 1410 and is the oldest university in Scotland and has regularly been voted as the third best university in Britain after Oxford and Cambridge. Its ex-students includes Alex Salmond, Scotland’s former first minister and Prince William, the Duke of Cambridge. The largest town in Renfrewshire with a population of 77,000 is Paisley. Located in the west central lowlands it is found on the banks of the White Cart Water which is a tributary of the River Clyde. The town is famous for its weaving industry and Paisley Pattern is known around the world. During the industrial revolution people flocked to the town as it became the centre of the world’s thread making and had a busy harbor. Particularly popular was the Paisley Shawl which was worn by Queen Victoria. The town’s Paisley museum is a popular destination for visitors.
Sadly no thread making industries remain in the town but many streets are named after the past association with weaving such as Thread Street and Dyers Wynd. Retail parks have now replaced the original factories that were associated with weaving and the docks and many jobs are associated with Paisleys role as being the administrative centre for Renfrewshire.